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BYLAWS

S T A T U T E S - B Y L A W S
Of the Association which has its seat in Athens with the name "ETΑΙΡΕΙΑ ΟΡΘΟΔΟΝΤΙΚΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΓΝΑΘΟΠΡΟΣΩΠΙΚΗΣ ΜΕΛΕΤΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΈΡΕΥΝΑΣ" (Ε.Ο.Γ.Μ.Ε.)

CONTENTS

I) NAME - SEAT

II) AIMS

III) MEMBERS, ENROLMENT - EXPULSION, RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES OF THE MEMBERS

A. MEMBERS

B. ENROLMENT – EXPULSION OF THE MEMBERS

1. Member’s Enrolment

2. Exit – Member’s Expulsion

C. RIGHTS – LIABILITIES OF THE MEMBERS – DISCIPLINARY PENALTIES

1. Rights

2. Liabilities

3. Disciplinary penalties

IV) ADMINISTRATION

A. The General Assembly

1. In general

2. Duties of the General Assembly

B. The Board of Directors

1. Establishment – Convocation - Operation

2. Duties of the Board of Directors

3. Books

C. Duties of the members of the Board of Directors

1. Duties of the President

2. Duties of the Vice-President

3. Duties of the Secretary General

4. Duties of the Treasurer

5. Duties of the responsible for the public relations

D. The Auditing Committee

V) ELECTIONS

1. In general

2. The Returning Board – Formation - Duties

VI) FINANCES - RESOURCES

VII) AMENDMENTS OF THE BYLAWS

VIII) DISSOLUTION OF THE ASSOCIATION

IX) SEAL

Χ) TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE

I) NAME - SEAT
Article 1
Hereby is founded in Attica the Scientific Association entitled "ETΑΙΡΕΙΑ ΟΡΘΟΔΟΝΤΙΚΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΓΝΑΘΟΠΡΟΣΩΠΙΚΗΣ ΜΕΛΕΤΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΈΡΕΥΝΑΣ" (Ε.Ο.Γ.Μ.Ε.). In its International relations the Association will be entitled "GREEK ASSOCIATION FOR ORTHODONTIC STUDY AND RESEARCH"
Article 2
The Association will have its seat in Athens.

II) AIMS
Article 3
The Association aims at:
a) The promotion of the research related to the orthodontic specialty of Dental science.
b) A better scientific and personal communication between its members.
c) A better scientific updating of its members, which is realized through the publication and dispatch of a journal entitled "Ελληνικό Περιοδικό Ορθοδοντικής" which in its international relations will be entitled "Greek Journal of Orthodontics" as well as a Bulletin under the title "Ορθοδοντικά Νέα" which in its international relations will be entitled "Greek Orthodontic News"
d) The advancement in general of the orthodontic specialty in Greece by all scientific or other means. Following we indicate only some of these means: congresses, meetings, information of the public opinion, seminars of further education, granting of scholarships, publication of a periodic edition, intervention in the mass media, promotion of the Association's and its members standpoints, opinions and activities through other periodic editions.
e) Representation of the members in Greek of foreign Federations and Associations.
Article  4
The means by which the Association will seek to fulfill its goals are the following:
a) The creation of a collective consciousness amongst its members showing, moreover, to them the benefits that the collective board of their specialty could have for the development of the Orthodontic Specialty in Greece.
b) The fostering of lifelong relationship, comradeship and scientific collaboration among its members.
c) The frequent meetings of its members for study and exchange of views regarding the arising both Greek and international orthodontic matters.
d) The submission of the pertinent suggestions and petitions to the competent Public Services and Authorities so as the necessary measures can be taken for the protection of the scientific progress and welfare of the specialty.
e) The editing of a publication, which will include scientific and other announcements regarding the specialty, as well as other important facts referring to the Orthodontic Specialty in an international level.
f) The joint effort of the Association and other similar Greek and foreign scientific groups or societies for the improvement of the means and application methods of the Orthodontic treatment.
g) Whichever other appropriate and legal means that the Association's administration may find suitable for the realization of its goals.

III) MEMBERS - ENROLMENT AND EXPULSION - MEMBERS RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES
Article 5
A. MEMBERS:
The members of the Association are distinguished in a)active members, b)honorary members, c)probationary members, d)student members and e)international members.
a) Active members of the Association may become any person, regardless of sex, that has received a complete post-graduate study in Orthodontics at a well-reputed and recognized post-graduate center either in Greece or abroad and who have been certified as Orthodontist in Greece, after having filed an application to the Board of Directors.
b) Honorary members of the Association are declared Greek or foreign scientists who have contributed to the progress of the Orthodontic specialty or have offered to the Association extraordinary services, providing that his/her nomination as such is approved by the majority of the Board of Directors. The proposal so as a scientist may become an honorary member can be made by any member of the Board of Directors or by five (5) at least active members. The honorary members can participate in the General Assemblies of the Association's members without having the right to vote and without being burdened with any financial obligations. Active members are declared by right honorary members, if they wish so, after having successfully completed their professional carrier as Orthodontists and going into retirement.
c) Probationary members of the Association can become all natural person who has received a full postgraduate education in Orthodontics in well-reputed and recognized postgraduate centers in Greece or abroad and who are in the process of getting recognized the diploma of their specialization by the eligible board of the Greek State. Probationary members are declared by right active members after the process of their specialization's recognition has been completed and after making this known in written to the Board of Directors.
d) Student members of the Association can become all natural person studying in a Greek or foreign postgraduate center, after filing an application to the Board of Directors. For the foreign postgraduate centers, the written attestation of assiduity of the postgraduate programme in Orthodontics by the Director of the respective department is required.
e) International members of the Association can become, after filing an application, foreigners or foreigners of Greek descent whose academic or professional activity is exercised abroad, who have received a full postgraduate education in Orthodontics and have been certified as Orthodontics in the country in which they completed their studies or have the quality of members of the World Federation of Orthodontists.

Article 6
B. ENROLMENT - EXPULSION OF THE MEMBERS
1. Member's enrolment
a) For a person to become member of the Association, a written application must be filed to the Board of Directors asking his or her enrolment in the Members' Register; moreover he/she must declare that he/she accepts unconditionally the terms of the bylaws and the legal decisions of the members of the Association's General Assembly.
b) All the data of the applicant's identity card, the exact address of his/her residence and office must necessarily be mentioned on the application.
Especially for active members, the license number of the dental specialization in Orthodontics as well as the date and Prefecture that issued it must be also declared.
c) Along with the application the applicant should submit a complete curriculum vitae as well as a copy of the diploma of specialization in Orthodontics. Especially for probationary and international members is required. This copy has to be ratified by the Authority that issued it or by a lawyer if this is asked by the Authority that issued it or by a lawyer if this is asked by the Association's Board of Directors. If the diploma is not a Greek one and if the Board of Directors wishes so, it must be accompanied by an official translation by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
d) The Association's Board of Directors is held to have studied the application within two months and, in any case, must have decided either for or against it within a period of four months. The decision of the application's approval or rejection is taken by the majority of its members. If the Board accepts the application with its decision, it authorizes the enrolment of the applicant in the Members' Register. If the Board rejects the application, the President, who will also be the Mover, refers the matter to the first ordinary General Assembly. The General Assembly shall have final authority in revoking or admitting membership. The decision of this General Assembly is taken by a majority of the 3/5 of the present members, all members having the right to vote.
e) After the approval of the application, registered letter to the applicant announces this, who is held to defray within three (3) months the enrolment rights and his/her yearly subscription to the Association. For all new members during the first year from the recognition of their Specialization in Orthodontics, the enrolment is gratis and only the annual contribution is defrayed.
2. Exit - Member's expulsion
The exit - expulsion of a member can be ordered by decision of the Board of Directors in the following cases:
a) Upon written request of the member and only after he/she has paid off his/her due financial obligations.
b) When a member delays to pay its contribution for more than a year and he/she is asked in written to do so by the Board of Directors, does not conform with its request within ten (10) days.
c) If for any reason a member looses his/her license to practice dentistry, he/she looses by right the quality of the Association's member and is obligatorily expelled. If a member is convicted of one of the crimes, which are mentioned in the articles 258, 372, 375, 386, 388 §2 of the Penal Code.
d) If he/she is deprived of his/her civil rights consequently to a penal offence.
e) If a member repeatedly does not comply with the legal decisions of the Board of Directors and the General Assembly or hinders the Association from achieving its purposes or behaves indecently and this indecent behavior of his/hers jeopardizes the scientific status of the Association. Against such a decision of expulsion taken by the Board of Directors, the member which was expelled can appeal, within a month from the decision's legal notice, to the first Ordinary General Assembly of the Association's members, or else the Board's decision becomes valid and enforceable. The right of appealing to the General Assembly belongs only to the expellee who is expelled for cases like the ones mentioned in paragraph 3 of this article. The General Assembly of the Association's members has also the right to expel a member in any other case that according to its opinion such a measure is appropriate.
In case that the expelled member is restored or pays off his/her financial debts to the Association or if at least three (3) years have passed since his/her conviction and he/she has served his/her sentence, he/she can be re-enrolled in the Association after the respective decision of the Board of Directors, if the latter approves of his/her re-enrolment. This re-enrolment takes place without the member having to defray anew the enrolment rights.

C) RIGHTS - LIABILITIES OF THE MEMBERS - DISCIPLINARY PENALTIES
Article 7
1. Rights of the members
a) All members of the Association are equal and have the same rights and liabilities towards it.
b) All active members who pay regularly their contributions and all honorary members have the right to participate in the sessions of the General Assembly of the Association's members. Honorary members have only the right of opinion whereas active members who have paid off their subscriptions have the right of vote.
c) Immediately after the arrangement of their financial obligations, all active members have the right to elect and be elected members of its Board of Directors and auditing boards, twelve (12) months having passed since their enrolment to the Association's Register. This time limitation does not apply to the first elections after the foundation of the Association.
d) The members have the right to participate in all the Association's events and can ask for its protection and intervention in order to support and defend the interests of the specialty.
2. Liabilities of the members
a) The members are required to report to the Association any change of the address of their office or residence as well as of their telephone number.
b) The members, so as to be enrolled in the Association, are required to defray ten thousand drachmas (10.000) as enrolment rights and ten thousand (10.000) drachmas as annual contribution which will be defrayed within the first trimester of the year.
c) The members are required to defray as well all contingent contributions, which will be determined by the Association's Board of Directors. The annual contingent contributions cannot exceed per member the equivalent of his/her yearly contribution, unless there is a relative decision of the General Assembly for the exceeding amount.
d) When members voluntarily leave the Association, they are required to make known their will to the Association by an application filed at least three (3) months before the expiration of the accounting year and their exit takes effect from its end. In any case they are required to pay off their debts till the end of the year, regardless of the date or month of their exit from the Association.
e) In order to participate in the General Assembly and the elections of the Association, the members ought to have paid off all their financial obligations. f) The members are required to notify in written the Board of Directors of the Association in case they fulfill the conditions of the article 6, paragraphs 2 of these bylaws, according to which a member is expelled from the Members' Registers.
g) The members are expected to make every possible effort to achieve the purposes of the Association, to conform to the provisions of the bylaws, not to react, obstruct, delay or provoke the reaction of other members while taking and executing the decisions of the Board of Directors and the General Assembly, to maintain their decorum and their behavior should not in any way compromise the dignity and scientific status of the Association.
h) The members are advised to provide the Association with a copy of every scientific work, study, monograph, and dissertation etc. of theirs for the creation of a library.
3. Disciplinary Penalties:
Whenever the members do not conform to the above-mentioned obligations, they have a disciplinary liability and the following disciplinary penalties are inflicted on them:
a) Written reprimand
b) Personal expulsion up to eighteen (18) months and
c) Definite expulsion
In all three cases the member who faces these disciplinary penalties must be summoned by the Board of Directors to defend himself/herself within a reasonable period, which is determined in the summons. If such a defense is not presented to the Board of Directors, this can reach a decision even without it
In case of a definite expulsion of a member, the Board pronounces on the matter with a rationalized decision, which is taken by a majority of all its members in a secret ballot. In case of his/her definite expulsion, the member which is expelled has the right within a month from the serving of the decision to appeal to the first ordinary General Assembly of the Association's members; otherwise the Board's decision becomes valid and enforceable.
The Board of Directors has the power to inflict the above-mentioned disciplinary penalties on its members, too.

IV) ADMINISTRATION
Article 8
The following boards direct the Association:
A) The General Assembly of its members (G.A.), which constitutes the sovereign boards.
B) The five-member Board of Directors and
C) The three-member Auditing Committee (AU.C.).

A. The General Assembly
1. In general
Article 9
a) The General Assembly constitutes the supreme board of the Association and is composed of the honorary members, who have only the right of opinion, and of all the active members who have defrayed all their contributions and who have the rights of opinion and vote.
b) The Ordinary General Assembly is convened once every year during its first trimester but can be also convened whenever the Board Of Directors finds it necessary and when the 1/5 of the Association's members who have defrayed all their contributions asks it by submitting a written petition to the Board of Directors in which the subjects to be discussed should be mentioned. Especially, when the G.A. is convened to pronounce on a censure or removal of the Board of Directors, the petition must be signed by the 1/3 of the members who have defrayed all their contributions. In these cases the President is held to convene the G.A. within twenty (20) days from the submission of the petition.
Article 10
a) The General Assembly has quorum when at least the half (1/2) of all the members who have the right to vote are present. If there is no quorum during the first session this is repeated by right at the same hour at the same place and with the same subjects of discussion on the corresponding day of the following week; at that time we have quorum even by the sheer number of the present members who have the right to vote.
b) The beginning of the ordinary and extraordinary G.A. are declared by the President of the Board of Directors, who, after ascertaining that there is quorum, develops the reasons for the convocation of the G.A., presents a nominal list of the members who have defrayed all their contributions and have the right to vote, which is signed by the Treasurer. Afterwards, the President of the Board of Directors calls the General Assembly to elect its presiding committee. The President of the General Assembly takes the chair and checks whether there is quorum or not. When the quorum is verified a Vice-President, a taker of minutes and a scrutinizer complete the presiding committee. The completion of the presiding committee takes place either by a further election or by selection of the President, if the General Assembly allows this.
c) During the session of the General Assembly the absent members can be represented by another member of those present by an authorization in writing, the signature of which has to be attested by the Police; this authorization is submitted before the session to the presiding committee. Each member can represent only one of the absent members. This representation is not valid when a decision is taken by secret vote.
d) The decisions of the G. M. are taken by the absolute majority of the members present having the right to vote. For the removal of the Board of Directors it is required the half (1/2) of the Association's members having the right to vote to be present and the relative decision is taken by a majority of the 3/4 of the present through secret ballot.
e) The General Assembly is called after invitation of the members; registered letter communicates this invitation at least twenty (20) days before the session. If the members are in the countryside the invitation is sent at least fifteen (15) days in advance. In case of extraordinary General Assembly these terms are reduced to six (6) days. The press may also announce the invitation. The invitations mention the place, day, time of the Assembly along with the subjects, which will be discussed, and whether the Assembly is an ordinary or an extraordinary one.
Article 11
2. Duties of the General Assembly
a) The General Assembly controls the report of the Board of Directors referring to the proceedings of the time-period since the last G.A., ratifies the report and adopts the balance of the previous year and votes the budget of the following year, which is obligatorily compiled by the Board of Directors If the report of the proceedings or the financial management or the Budget is not approved by the General Assembly then this is considered a direct revocation of the Board of Directors. If the Board of Directors is revoked in such a way, the Chair of the G.A. summons on its own responsibility, within 15 days, a special extraordinary General Assembly, whose object is to appoint a new Board of Directors; this new Board has a limited term till the convocation of the next annual G.A. and by that time elections are held in accordance with this bylaws, their time and place being determined by the Board Of Directors
b) The G.A. decides on the enrolment of members in the Association, when this is not approved by the Board of Directors, as well as on the expulsion of members according to the conditions of the bylaws. These decisions are taken with a secret ballot and by a majority of the 3/5 of the members present having the right to vote.
c) It takes any suitable measure in order to achieve the purposes of the Association like the imposition of an annual contingent contribution, which exceeds the annual contribution of each member.
d) It decides on the modification of the bylaws or the dissolution of the Association provided that one half (1/2) of the members is present and that the decision is taken by a majority of the 3/4 of the present.
e) It decides on any other matter, which does not fall in the competence of another board of the Association, excepting the cases for which a special majority percentage is required. The decisions of the G.A. are taken by a majority of the present members who have the right to vote. Whenever there is a secret vote-taking place, it is held by ballot-papers. In any other case the voting is held by nominal call or by raising hands never though by acclamation.
f) During the annual General Assembly the following proceedings take place: the Secretary General reads the administration minutes of the previous year. The Treasurer reads the balance of the previous year and the budget of the coming year. The Auditing Committee reads the report on the legality of the previous year's expenses.
Over all these matters there is a discussion taking place and a decision is taken on the approval or disapproval of the proceedings and the discharge of the Administration from any responsibility. Decisions of the General Assembly taken on matters not included in the agenda are invalid.

B. The Board of Directors
Article 12
1. Establishment - Convocation - Operation
a) The Board of Directors shall be elected by the General Assembly by secret vote every two years. At the elections for the Board of Directors the candidate who polls the highest number of votes will serve as President; if there is equality in votes between more than one nominees, the Returning Board elects the President of the Board of Directors by draw.
b) The Board of Directors consists of five (5) active members and three (3) substitute members, who are destined to cover the empty seats of the Board of Directors during their term and till the end. Within thirty (30) days from the election of the Board of Directors, the candidate who received the highest number of votes or in case of equality in votes with other candidates the returning board determines by lot the order of election of the candidates, the first of them in order is held to call the rest of the elected members in a first session having for subject the formation of the Board of Directors. During this session the President, the Vice-President, the Secretary General the Treasurer and the Public Relations responsible are elected by secret vote. Each of the elected must poll the absolute majority of the voting members or else the vote is repeated between the two eligible members who have the majority of votes and thus the one who received the highest number of votes for that place shall be declared elected.
c) The qualities of the President, the Vice-President, the Secretary General and the Treasurer cannot coexist in the same person. The term of the members of the Board of Directors is biennial and starts from its formation. In case of resignation or removal of the Board of Directors, the tenure of the new, elected by the General Assembly Board of Directors will be the remaining time till the next annual ordinary General Assembly during which elections will be held to elect a new Board of Directors which then will have the normal biennial term. Exceptionally, the tenure of the first Board of Directors, which will be elected after the approval of these bylaws, will be till the 31st of March 1989.
Article 13
Within five (5) days from its formation, the Board of Directors takes over the property and the records of the Association from the leaving President. For the reception and delivery of these elements a relevant protocol is drafted that is signed by all members present. If the leaving President or any member of the previous Administration representing him does not appear, then disciplinary penalties are inflicted according to article 7 of the bylaws while the new Administration performs all the legal acts necessary for the defense of the Association's rights.
Article 14
After invitation of its members at least three days in advance of the session, in which all the subjects of the agenda are mentioned as well as the place and time of the session and which is signed by the President and the Secretary General of the Board of Directors, this latter goes into session. Regularly the Board of Directors goes into session at least once every forty- (40) days and extraordinarily whenever it is needed according to the President's opinion. The President is held to call an extraordinary Assembly of the Board of Directors, if three members of the Board of Directors submit a request in written in which they have to determine the subjects of the agenda.
Article 15
The Board of Directors has quorum, goes into session and takes decisions validly when at least three (3) of its five (5) members are present. In order to take a decision it is required an absolute majority of the present members and in case of equality in votes the President's vote prevails. If there are not enough members to staff the administration of the Association, the remaining members, if their number is sufficient to have quorum, have to call the members' Assembly to hold partial elections so as to fill the vacancies. During the last year of its tenure, its remaining members provided their number enables them to have quorum can legally convene the Administration. During the sessions of the Board of Directors minutes are taken, which are confirmed and signed - after being read and before the agenda - in the following session of the Board of Directors by the present members. The sessions of the Board of Directors are open and the Association's members are entitled to attend them without having the right to intervene. If the attending members want to present certain subjects for discussion, they have to submit them in written to the Board of Directors before the session.
Article 16
2. Duties of the Board of Directors
a) The Board of Directors manages with all responsibility the affairs, interests and property of the Association.
b) The Board of Directors is the only competent board to appoint paid staff to cover the needs of the Association, attorney-at-law, to decide on every legal act on behalf of the Association when contracting a loan or buying real estates, to prepare the works of the General Assembly and to execute the Board's decisions having as sole criterion the interests of the Association and its members.
c) The Board of Directors approves the applications filed for the enrolment of new members in the Association, performs the enrolments and decides on the expulsion of the members according to the bylaws.
d) The Board of Directors decides on urgent matters taking the necessary measures to cope with them, and at the first General Assembly informs the Association's members of them. If it is about a very important matter, it calls an extraordinary General Assembly.
e) It submits to the General Assembly the proceedings of the elapsed year, the report of the Auditing Committee, drafts the budget of the following year and in general takes all the necessary measures to achieve the bylaw's purposes and to carry out the orders of the General Assembly.
Article 17
3. Books
The Board of Directors is held to keep the following books, which are initialed by the Auditing Committee before their use.
a) The members' register, in which are entered in serial number the full name of each member, the address of his/her residence and surgery, his/her telephone number, his/her identity card number, the enrolment and expulsion dates as well as the various penalties.
b) The minutes-book of the members' Assembly.
c) The minutes-book of the Sessions of the Board of Directors.
d) The Book of receipts and expenditure in which are regularly registered all receipts and payments.
e) The Property Book in which is recorded in full detail all movable and immovable property of the Association.
f) The collection receipts which are numbered by the President and the Auditing Committee.
g) Record (Book) of the incoming and out-going documents.
Article 18
Any member of the Board of Directors who is absent with no justification for three (3) consecutive ordinary sessions or delays to defray his/her contributions for more than twelve (12) months looses his/her capacity after his/her previous written summons (in which he/she mentions the reasons of his/her absence). This member is replaced by the first in rank substitute member of the Board of Directors. The President's replacement is performed either by a decision of the General Assembly or by a unanimous decision of the Members of the Board of Directors taken by secret vote, in which the President has no right of vote or appearance. In case of resignation of a member, the President calls the first in order of success substitute member to replace him/her.

C. Duties of the Members of the Board of Directors
Article 19
1. Duties of the President
1. President of the Board of Directors of the Association cannot be elected the same person for more than two (2) periods of two years, i.e. two (2) terms of the Board of Directors
2. The President of the Board of Directors represents the Association in all its transactions with any administrative or legal authority. He/She convenes and directs the works of the Board of Directors and supervises the execution of the decisions taken by it and by the General Assembly. He/She signs the valid contracts or agreements with third parties after the relative decision of the Board of Directors. He/She signs together with the Secretary General all the outgoing documents. He/She receives and serves the legal actions, signs the legal deeds and takes all means of appeal in every trial in which the Association is a part; he/she solely represent the Association. He/She signs the pay orders along with the Treasurer and in general he/she acts whatever is associated with the regular management of the Association's affairs. He/She presides the sessions of the General Assembly until its presiding committee is elected.
2. Duties of the Vice-President
The Vice-President deputizes for the President in all his/her responsibilities, in the president's absence or incapacitation. If the Vice-President is also impeded, he/she is deputized for by the responsible for the public relations, the Secretary and the Treasurer being excluded from this prerogative.
3. Duties of the Secretary General
The Secretary General of the Board of Directors attends to the keeping of the seal, sees to the keeping of the members' register, of the minutes of the Board of Directors as well as of the minutes-book of the G.A., supervises the holding of the correspondence by signing along with the President the out-going documents as well as the invitations to the sessions of the Board of Directors and the General Assembly. In collaboration with the President, he/she drafts the report, which is submitted to the General Assembly of the Association's members every year regarding the Association's activity and he/she signs along with the President the pay orders.
d) He/She sees to preparing and negotiating the proposal texts for legal or other professional contracts that concern the specialty.
In absence of the Secretary General, he/she is replaced by the responsible for the public relations.
4. Duties of the Treasurer
The Treasurer of the Board of Directors:
a) Attends to the Association's incomes in general (ordinary and extraordinary resources).
b) He/she is in charge of the keeping and posting-up of the necessary account books and data in general, countersigns along with the President the collection bills and carries out all expense which has been decided by the Board of Directors based on pay orders which bear the signatures of the President and the Secretary General.
c) He/she submits annually to the Board of Directors a nominal list of those who delay to pay their contributions.
d) Sees to depositing its income in a current account in a well-reputed Bank, in the Association's name in such a way that there is never at the treasury an amount of over 100.000 drachmas; sees to withdrawing money from the Bank; in order to do so the signatures of the President, the Secretary General and the Treasurer are required, after a specific approval of the Board of Directors The Treasurer is responsible for all deficits between income and expenditure as well as for all payment without order.
e) In collaboration with the President, he/she attends to the drawing up of the annual balance and report. If the Treasurer does not comply with his/her duties, he/she is declared forfeited by decision of the Board of Directors and his/her replacement is appointed.
5. Duties of the responsible for the public relations
The responsible for the public relations in collaboration with the Board of Directors
a. He/She represents the Society in its contacts with similar Associations and Societies, Greek or foreign.
b. He/She sees to the issuing of press releases to the mass media referring to scientific or social matters that regard the Association.
c. He/She holds the role of link between the Board of Directors and advertising or other promotion companies regarding campaigns aiming to the public's information.
d. He/She supervises as head editor the publication of the editions issued by the society.

D. The Auditing Committee
Article 20
a) At the elections that are held to appoint the Board of Directors it is also elected the Auditing Committee, which consists of three (3) full and three (3) substitute members. In order to stand for member of the Auditing Committee and in general for their election, the same procedure as for the members of the Board of Directors is required. The tenure of the Auditing Committee is biennial. At the elections there is only one ballot-paper, on which the candidates for the Auditing Committee are mentioned after the candidates for the Board of Directors. The voter has the right to mark his/her favorite candidate by making a cross on the left of the name.
b) President of the Auditing Committee is declared the elected member who polls the majority of the votes.
c) In case of absence or obstruction of a member of the Auditing Committee, he/she is replaced by one of its reserve members.
d) The candidates of the Auditing Committee cannot be also candidates of the Board of Directors.
e) At the disposal of the Auditing Committee are all the kept books, the collection duplicate receipts, the pay orders as well as all the necessary for the control data, in general. The Auditing Committee carries out the control of the books at the Association's offices, the removal of the books to any other place being forbidden. Each member of the Board of Directors that is called by the Auditing Committee to provide all necessary information and explanations is obliged to do so willingly. The Auditing Committee based on these data draws up its report, which has to be justified and regards the annual administrative period; the Board of Directors to the General Assembly of the members submits this report. The Board of Directors gives to the Committee the approved budget of the previous year as well as the budget of the following year - which are to be controlled - at least a month before the annual convocation of the General Assembly. Finally, it initials the books of the Association by its President.

V) ELECTIONS
Article 21
1. In general
a) The interested member of the Association who wants to stand for member of the Board of Directors and the Auditing Committee files an application which is addressed to the Board of Directors at least 10 days before the day of the elections.
b) The candidates are presented to the elections separately without forming part of any collective slate. The candidature is presented by an application to the Board of Directors signed by the applicant himself/herself. The candidates for the elections of the Board of Directors and the Auditing Committee can be proposed also by other members of the Association through their written proposal to the Board of Directors at least 10 days before the elections.
c) If there are no candidates, each member votes, according to his/her judgement in free will, the ones who he/she finds suitable for the offices of the members of the Board of Directors and the Auditing Committee.
d) In order for a member of the Association to have the right to present his/her candidature, it must have passed twelve (12) months since his/her enrolment and no event of those mentioned in article 6, par. 2 a to d should be occurring.
Article 22
a) The elections are held with only one ballot-paper, common both for the Board of Directors and the Auditing Committee.
b) On the ballot-paper of the candidates for the Board of Directors and the Auditing Committee, the voting members can mark up to three crosses of preference for the candidates of the Board of Directors and 3 crosses for the Auditing Committee. If more crosses are marked or there are other signs, scraping or shapes of any sort, then the ballot-paper is considered spoilt. The elections are held at the time and place mentioned on the invitations.
c) Elected members of the Board of Directors are considered to be the first five (5) in order of preference crosses candidates, who form the legally elected Board of Directors, while the immediately following in order of preference crosses three (3) candidates are named substitute members and enter the Board of Directors when there is a vacancy or after resignation or expulsion of one of its members.
d) Elected members of the Auditing Committee are considered to be the first three in order of preference crosses candidates, while the following three (3) are named substitute (reserve) members and become full members in case of expulsion or resignation of one of its members.
e) Finally, in case of equality in votes between the candidates there is a draw from the undermentioned Returning Board.
Article 23
2. The Returning Board - Formation - Duties
The elections are held by secret ballot before the Returning Board, which consists of the representative of the Judicial Authority - who is also its president - and of two (2) members who are elected by the General Assembly. When there is no representative of the Judicial Authority, then the president of the Returning Board is elected by the General Assembly. The elections are held as follows:
Before the beginning of the voting procedure, the Returning Board assumes its duties, places the ballot box on the table and padlocks it. The keys are in the possession of the President of the Board. Then to each member is given a ballot paper with the names of the candidates and a blank one and calls the voters to vote. The voter comes forth and, after his/her identification, controlling the Members' Register to see if he/she has or not the right to vote and his/her entry in the voters' list, votes and then cast his/her vote in the ballot-box.
When all the present, having the right to vote members have voted, the counting of votes takes place. After that, the results are made known and the Returning Board names those who have been elected in order of success both for the Board of Directors and the AU. C. The order of the substitute members is also determined.
The Returning Board draws up minutes referring to the progress of the election, the members of the Association that voted those that didn't vote the counting of the votes, the name of the new Presidents of the Board of Directors and the AU. C. As well as the elected members of the Board of Directors and the AU. C. And the order of the reserve members. These minutes are signed by the President and members of the Returning Board as well as by the President of the G.A. Then all these minutes along with everything relevant to the elections are given to the President of the leaving Board of Directors, after taking a receipt.

VI) FINANCES - RESOURCES
Article 24
A. a) The finances of the Association can be seen every year by the report - balance and budget that the Board of Directors compiles.
b) The report, balance and budget are drawn up every year on January. The first shows the achievements of the Association and perhaps certain financial actions of the year that passed, the second shows the financial state in which the Association stands at the end of the previous year on the basis of the Association's economic use and the budget plans the financial activity of the Association for the economic use of the following year.
c) The expenses of the Association have to be included in the approved by the G.A. budget. The G.A. can make modification of the budget by itself or after proposal of the Board of Directors
B. The Association's resources are ordinary and extraordinary.
a) Ordinary resources constitute the following:
i. The obligatory contributions of the members and
ii. The enrolment rights if the members.
These resources are re-adjusted by decision of the Board of Directors
b) Extraordinary resources constitute the following:
i. The extraordinary contributions which are imposed by decision of the Board of Directors
ii. Account interest incomes, donations, and legacies etc and generally every other unexpected income, which legally comes to the Association's possession and ownership.
iii. Incomes from meetings, grant, congresses, seminars of further education, publication advertisements and whichever other event may yield financial benefits.
c) In case of the Association's dissolution, after dealing with all its financial obligations, the G.A. of its members decides what will be made of the eventually remaining property.
Article 25
The administrative year begins on the 1st of January and ends on the 31st of December every year. The budget, balance and report are compiled for every annual period and are submitted for approval to the ordinary General Assembly every year.

VII) AMENDMENTS OF THE BYLAWS
Article 26
Amendments of the articles of the present bylaws are allowed to be made, according to the provisions of the Law, by the General Assembly having a majority vote of the 3/4 of the present members during the business session. At this Assembly, which is convened especially for this reason, it is required at least one half of the active members, who have the right to vote, to be present. The initiative for the dissolution or amendments of the bylaws is taken either by the Board of Directors or by a decision of the 1/5 of the members. In this last case the Board of Directors receives a request from the 1/5 of the members, which includes also the proposed amendments of the bylaws, and has to call the G.A. within a month.

VIII) DISSOLUTION OF THE ASSOCIATION
Article 27
The Association is dissolved:
a) When this is decided by the General Assembly having a quorum of one half of the members and by a majority of the 3/4 of the present and voting members.
b) When the members are fewer than ten. And
c) When the conditions dictated by the Civil Code and the Law are met
The Association's dissolution follows the liquidation in accordance with the provisions of the Civil Code together with the provisions of the L.D. (Legislative Decrees) 890/71 and 795/75.

IX) SEAL
Article 28
The Association has a round seal on which is written its name/title "ETΑΙΡΕΙΑ ΟΡΘΟΔΟΝΤΙΚΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΓΝΑΘΟΠΡΟΣΩΠΙΚΗΣ ΜΕΛΕΤΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΈΡΕΥΝΑΣ" as well as the year of its foundation, i.e. 1987. In the center of the seal it will be written the initials "Ε.Ο.Γ.Μ.Ε."

X) TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE
Article 29
TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEWith the foundation act of the Association is elected by the founding members a six-member temporary administrative committee, which has the duty to call, within four (4) months from the Association's registration in the Book of Societies, the members' Assembly in order to appoint an elected administration according to the bylaws. After the term of four months the tenure of the temporary administrative committee is considered to have expired and its members and by right forfeits and consequently their actions are null.
Article 30
All matter, which regards the Association and is not foreseen by the bylaws, is settled by the Association's Board of Directors, which takes into consideration the spirit of the bylaws and the relevant provisions of the Law.
Article 31
The present codified bylaws consisting of 31 articles has been read and voted unanimously by the Association's Gen. Assembly, held on the 22nd of April 1996 in a hall of a Hotel "Holiday Inn", and consists the modification of the bylaws approved by the decision of the Athens Court of first Instance No 3669/14-10-87 and registered in the books of the Athens Court of first Instance with the serial number 15746/24-12-1987.

Athens
THE FOUNDING MEMBERS
The amended statutes have been approved by the Judgement No 4800/26-7-96 of the First Instance Court of Athens and were registered on 17-10-98.